We’ve all been there. We’re in the way-too-long check out line at target and there’s a little kid there just screaming. Flailing. Kicking. He wants that candy bar, his mom said no, and he is going to make her pay.
Strangers are staring at her, she’s flustered, and she keeps saying “do I need to take you to the car?”. We all know that’s an empty threat because she’s in line with a cart full of stuff she needs, and if she could just get him to cooperate for a minute they’d make it out alive.
So she gives in. She grabs him the candy-bar, and suddenly the world is better. Her boy is back to his happy demeanor and is excited to dive into his chocolatey treat the second the cashier hands it back to them.
This, my friends, is a tantrum. They happen to the best of us, and we spend the better part of our children’s toddler and preschool years trying to teach them not to do this.
So what, then, is a sensory meltdown? Take a similar scenario. A boy with his mom in target who asked for a candy bar and was told no.
The screaming, flailing, and kicking occur, but even when the mom gives in, the boy doesn’t stop. He continues the fit well after the mom gave in to the original request, and often well after they even get to the car and drive home.
This wasn’t even caused by the candy at all, that was simply a trigger that set it off. This, is a sensory meltdown.
Now tantrums and sensory meltdowns require completely different reactions and solutions. Preventing them is an entirely different ballgame as well. So when you’re in the thick of it, how do you tell the difference?
Tantrum or Sensory Meltdown?
A Tantrum is Bad Behavior, a Sensory Meltdown is Neurological
Toddlers and preschoolers throw temper tantrums because they’ve lost their temper. They wanted something and were told no, so they are going to throw a fit. Their friend took their toy, so they’re mad. Tantrums are always about something they don’t like, that they want fixed.
A sensory meltdown is caused by neurology. A child with sensory processing disorder or autism doesn’t choose to get overwhelmed. Their brains are wired differently so that they interpret their senses differently than neurotypical people, so to them it is literally painful to endure certain situations. Their body’s fight or flight system kicks in, and when fight wins we end up with a sensory meltdown.
A Tantrum is For Attention, a Sensory Meltdown Isn’t
We’ve all seen a child throwing a tantrum and taking every chance they get to watch their mom’s reaction. A tantrum can be fueled by the attention it receives, so many experts advise moms to ignore the child during the tantrum.
As a mama of four, I can tell you, this works with tantrums! Ignore them. If you’re at home, go to another room. If you’re out and about, you will get mean looks from strangers, but ignore them too. A tantrum is only effective if it’s given enough attention to give the child their way, so don’t do it.
A sensory meltdown, however, doesn’t care about attention. A child in the middle of a sensory meltdown will have no idea who is paying attention to them because they truly don’t have the energy to care.
A Tantrum Stops if You Give In, a Sensory Meltdown Doesn’t
If a child is throwing a tantrum over a candy bar, and you give them that candy bar, the tantrum will stop. It might take a bit for the child to realize that you’re giving in and calm down from the fit they’ve worked themselves into, but they will stop and enjoy their candy bar.
If a child is having a sensory meltdown triggered by being told no about a candy bar, giving in and letting them have the candy bar won’t help. Because the candy bar was more like the tip of the ice berg. Most sensory meltdowns are caused by a mountain of sensory overwhelm with one final trigger sending them over the edge.
A Tantrum Won’t Hurt The Child, a Sensory Meltdown Might
A child throwing a tantrum may “throw themselves” to the floor, but if you watch closely they will often catch themselves before they hit the floor and be a bit more gentle. They may hit themselves or things around them, but they won’t do so with enough force to do any real harm. (Plus, it’s almost always done while watching mom for a reaction)
A child in the middle of a sensory meltdown can often lose control. If they fall to the floor, they’re hitting it hard. If they hit themselves, it’s truly hurting them. Like I mentioned above, a child going through a sensory meltdown is really going through every sensory trigger they’ve experienced all day, so they are often not even aware of what they’re doing during the meltdown.
Sensory meltdowns are a really frustrating part of sensory processing disorder, and as parents we are always doing our best to support and help our children through them. We can also take steps to help prevent them.
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