There are few things more closely tied to autism than meltdowns, but they can be a bit difficult to understand. Many autistic people sense things more intensely than others, so all of the sensations can lead to sensory overload. When in sensory overload, a person can either shut down internally or explode externally. Either way, autism meltdowns can be extremely difficult to handle, so I decided to throw together a few tips for how to cope.
This post is a part of the Autism A-Z Series for Autism Acceptance Month. You can see the rest of the posts in the series here. I’m also hosting the Fundanoodle Fundraiser for the Autistic Self Advocacy Network, so you can place your orders here. Now back to the original topic!
What Are Autism Meltdowns?
Like I mentioned above, autism meltdowns are basically when an autistic person becomes overwhelmed or overstimulated and they either shut down or explode. Many times the autistic person may not be aware of their actions during a meltdown, and they may become violent towards themselves or others around them. Do your best to remember that autism meltdowns are not anyone’s fault, so it’s important to keep as calm as possible and handle the meltdowns as well as you can.
Are Autism Meltdowns Just Tantrums?
No. Absolutely not. In fact, I have an entire post written specifically about this exact topic that you can read here. The basics? Tantrums are typically done to get attention. A tantruming toddler is in control of themselves when having a tantrum, and if the parent gives in they will typically settle down. With an autism meltdown, the autistic person is not in control of their actions, and does not care about attention. Even if you give them what you think they want, they are often too out of control to calm down.
How Can We Handle an Autism Meltdown?
Have patience. It’s hard. Really, really hard. But try to have patience. Understand that it isn’t something your child is doing to you, but rather something that’s happening to them. Do what you can to keep your child from hurting themselves or others around them. Talking to them or trying to get their attention or eye contact during a meltdown can make it worse. As far as physical touch, this is highly dependent on the child. Some need deep pressure squeezes when they’re overwhelmed, while others may have a worse time if they’re touched.
How Can We Prevent Autism Meltdowns?
Some of the easiest ways to prevent an autism meltdown is to know your child’s triggers and avoid them. Does your child have meltdowns after lunch every day? Try to plan a calming sensory activity for after lunch. If loud crowds are a trigger, try out some noise cancelling headphones. Do what you can to avoid or alter your child’s triggers. Keeping your child’s sensory diet regulated can also help prevent meltdowns. Do they need to wear a weighted vest a few times a day or sleep with a weighted blanket? Do they need a chewy toy or stress ball? Find some ways to build sensory activities into your every day.
These are just a few resources for understanding and handling autism meltdowns. Do you have any tips I missed? Leave them in the comments! Also don’t forget to check out the rest of the posts in the Autism A-Z Series here and get your Fundanoodle orders in here!
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